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May (as cited in Jacobson, 2008) states that decisions are made based on a combination of what he termed wish and will. These two concepts are components of Intentionality, a structure that allows an individual to participate in the process of knowing, uses this awareness to guide intention and direct action, and is responsible for the meaning that is gained from these actions (Engler, 2009). Wish formulates intentions by using the imagination to speculate on the consequences that an action while will is the organisation of these intentions into an action (Jacobson, 2008). The transition from wish to will involve 3 stages:

Formation of a Wish: This stage requires an individual to be aware of their thoughts and feelings in order to create a wish. An individual who is ignorant of or actively blocking their thoughts an feelings are unable to discern what they truly want (Jacobson, 2008).

Transformation of a wish into a will: An individual need to be concious of the wish that was formed from their thoughts and feelings. This individuals conciousness of the wish is the catalyst that will form the will (Jacobson, 2008).

Decision and Responsibility: The will is acknowledged and is transformed into a decision which functions as a commitment the individual has made with themselves to follow a particular action to its endpoint and to accept the responsibility of the actions influenced by the decision (Jacobson, 2008).